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јртикль и его употребление



ќпределенный артикль (The, the definite article)  
”потребление ѕример
с существительными, единственными в своем роде the sun, the moon, the earth, the sky, the air, the world
с названи€ми морей, океанов, рек, ' пустынь, гор The Pacific Ocean
с пор€дковыми числительными Our classroom is on the first floor
с прилагательными в превосходной степени This is the biggest building in our town
с существительными во множественном числе The apples are on the table
с названи€ми достопримечательностей The Kremlin
с "некоторыми географическими названи€ми, названи€ми музеев, : газет и журналов, кораблей и гостиниц The United States of America, The Crimea, the Caucasus, the j British Museum, the 'Life'
с названи€ми сторон света The North, the South, the East, the West
с фамили€ми во множественном числе дл€ обозначени€ семьи в целом The Petrovs
с названи€ми предметов, о которых уже говорилось (это могут быть сущ. в ед. и мн. числе, исчисл€емые и неисчисл€емые) The coat was large, the trousers too long
с уточн€ющим, ограничивающим прилагательным типа previous, last, following, next, only, very, same, right the same story ;
с исчисл€емым существительным в единственном числе, представл€ю≠щим весь класс или категорию предметов в их совокупности She spoke about the duties of the doctor
Indefinite article a, an
”потреблениe ѕример
с существительным, обозначающим My sister is a doctor- ћо€ сестра Ч врач
   
there is, а также после этого оборота our garden
в прошедшем времени there was ¬ нашем саду есть
и в будущем времени there will be большой пруд
  What a nice evening!
в восклицани€х  акой чудесный
  вечер!
  It was such a
после слова such wonderful day! Ёто был такой
  замечательный день!
с существительными, обозначающими  
врем€, скорость, вес, рассто€ние I'll be in a minute
   
(a minute, a pound, a hundred, a million я буду через минуту
и т.д.)  
с исчисл€емыми существительными  
в единственном числе ( в этом случае Take a pencil, please
имеетс€ в виду один или какой-либо ¬озьми, пожалуйста,
   
[любой] предмет из общего количества карандаш
   
предметов)  
перед существительным нарицательным  
или перед существительным собственным A man wants to see you
Ч именем или фамилией (в  акой-то человек
этом случае артикль имеет значение хочет ¬ас видеть
некий, некто, какой-то)  
перед словосочетани€ми good day, great a good deal, a great
deal, great many deal, a great many
     

Exercise 1.Use articles where necessary:1.... London is... capital of... Great Britain, ...full name of which is ... United Kingdom of ... Great Britain and ... Northern Ireland. 2.... Volga is ... fabulous river. 3. They used to spend their summer holidays on ... Black Sea coast in ... Crimea. 4. Many European adventurers crossed ... Atlantic Ocean in... search of... riches on ... American continent prior to ... Columbus. 5. ... Gorki Street was renamed into ... Tverskaya Street. 6. ЕRed Square and Е Kremlin are Е heart of Е capital. 7. ЕLondon was founded in Е 1st century BC by ЕJulius Caesar. 8. ЕSt. Petersburg was founded on Еbanks of ЕNeva by Peter Е Great. 9. ЕJohnsons are our next-door neighbours. 10. Е Canada is situated in Еnorthern part ofЕ North America. 11. Beyond lay Е Smoky Mountains. 12. We left for ЕEast on the following morning. 13. We came to Е Ohio River after that. 14. They passed many coal mines on Е way. 15. We crossed Е historic Delaware River at Е Trenton. 16. He arrived in Е New York on Еvery rainy day. 17. The Mannings went through Е Blue Ridge Mountains on their trip. 18. She spent several hours at Е Bronx Zoo on Е Monday. 19. They took Е wonderful boat ride around Е Manhattan on Е last day of their visit. 20. Е Dr. Rebecca Richards is our dentist. 21. Е Lions donated Е money for Е new park. 22. You could buy Е Picasso for $ 300 in those days. 23. IТm reading Е Agatha Christie at Е moment. 24. Е Lady DianaТs wedding dress was very beautiful. 25. Е Sir Michael has made it very clear. 26. Е Ryan gave Е Sunday Tribune to his father.

Ex.2. Use articles where necessary:

A.

1. Е room 25 is on Е 3d floor. 2. Е lecture begins at Е 9 oТclock in Е morning. 3. Е 5 oТclock tea is Е tradition in England. 4. Open Е textbook on Е page 20 and look at Е picture at Е top of Е page. 5. Е February is Е shortest month of Е year. 6. He read Е story from Е beginning to Е end. 7. Е new year begins on Е 1st of Е January. 8. She is in Е10th year at Е school and her brother is Е 3d year student at Е university. 9. Е number 10, Downing Street is Е residence of Е British Prime Minister.

B.

1. .. fish is more useful than Е meat. 2. DonТt drink Е milk, it is very cold. 3. Е water in Е river is quite warm this summer. 4.cam you brake Еbread? 5. Е bread isnТt enough for Е three of us. 6. I take Е coffee with Е sugar. 7. Е English like to drink Е tea with Е milk. 8. Е man canТt live without Е air. 9. There was Е smell of Е spring in Е air. 10. You married her not for Е love but for Е money.

Ex.3. Use articles where necessary:

A.

1. Е primitive man was Е slave to Е nature. 2. I want you to tell Е truth. 3. Can I see Е picture, Е one he gave you Е minute ago. 4. It cost her Е hundred and Е fifty pounds. 5. Е lecture lasts Е hour and Е half. 6. We called them once, then Е second and Еthird time and thought we had dialed Е wrong number. 7. There are Е few points IТd like to clear up. 8. Е number of Е 1st year student has significantly increased this year. 9. He decided to spent Е few pounds he had on Е books. 10. ThereТs Е little juice in the bottle, you can drink it. 11. УWell, is Е wrong side Е left side or is Е wrong side Е right side? Because I got out on Е right side, so how can it be wrong?Ф asked Michael. 12. Е hour passed, Е second hour passed. 13. Mr. Kelada was chatty. He discussed Е plays, Еpictures, politics.

B.

1. what Е fine day! 2. What is Е date today? 3. What Е day is it today? 4. What Е beautiful weather we are having today! 5. What Е warm welcome they showed. 6. Look, what Е lovely present IТve received. 7. WhatТs Е news?





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