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Startling discovery off Florida coast



Last week treasure worth over £1 million ___ (discover) off the Florida coast. The discovery ___ (make) by a young British teenager, 17-year-old John Innes, who was on holiday with his family. The treasure, which ___ (consist) of gold coins and jewels ___ (find) in the wreck of a ship which experts believe ___ (sink) by the famous pirate, Captain Kidd, in 1696.

John Innes was scuba diving near a small island off the Florida coast when he suddenly ___ (find) the wreck of an old ship at the bottom of the sea. The coast guards ___ (tell) immediately about the discovery and the treasure ___ (bring) to the surface by a team of divers.

The coins and jewels, which officially belong to the US government ___ (examine) by archaeologists and ___ (say) to be ‘the real thing’. Yesterday at a press conference in Key West John ___ (give) a $1,000 reward for his discovery. When he ___ (ask), if he was pleased with his reward, he ___ (reply): ‘I’d rather have a bit of treasure!’

Exercise 7. Put the verbs in brackets in the right passive form: the Present Simple, Past Simple or Present Perfect.

1. A Stradivarius violin ….. (sell) yesterday at Christie’s for £902,000, the highest price ever paid for a Strad.

2. The violin, owned by the Mendelssohn family, ….. (make) in 1720, and, because of its colour, it ….. (know) as the “Red Strad”.

3. It ….. (buy) by a professional musician.

4. In its years in the Mendelssohn family, it ….. (play) very little, except by amateurs, but its beautiful tones ….. (demonstrate) by a Japanese violinist before the auction yesterday.

5. “It is in very good condition because it ….. (keep) in a special case”, said Yoshito Ito.

6. “It ….. (look) after very well.”

7. The violin reached such a high price because of its date of 1720 (the height of Stradivari’s Golden Age) when his finest instruments ….. (make).

8. Strads ….. (admire) all over the world for their purity and deep, clear sound.

Exercise 8. Ask questions about the information in italics.
  e.g. The Strad was made in 1720. · When was the Strad made?
     

1. Strads are admired all over the world for their purity and deep clear sound. (Why?)

2. It has been kept in a special case. (Where?)

3. Stradivari’s best instruments were made in 1720. (When?)

4. Because of its colour, the violin is known as the “Red Strad”. (Why?)

5. The Houses of Parliament were built in the nineteenth century. (When?)

6. Twenty people were hurt in the train crash. (How many?)

7. Champagne is produced in France. (Where?)

8. This jumper has been washed twice, and it has shrunk. (How many times?)

9. She was fined three hundred pounds for speeding. (How much?)

10. Our post is delivered twice a day. (How often)

Exercise 9. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense. They are all in the passive.

1. The Volkswagen Beetle ….. (design) by Ferdinand Porsche.

2. He ….. (ask) to design it by the German Government.

3. VWs ….. (take) to America by American soldiers who were returning home after the war.

4. The first VW ….. (make) in 1938.

5. Since then over twenty million ….. (produce).

6. They ….. (not make) in Europe any more.

Exercise 10. Complete the sentences.

1. The TV programme was (boring, bored) so I turned it off.

2. Children can’t get to sleep on Christmas Eve. They’re too (exciting, excited).

3. “Hi, Mum!” – “Carol! That goodness you rang! Where have you been? We’ve been so (worrying, worried)

4. “Hello, darling. I’ve got a present for you”. – “For me?” – “Don’t look so (surprising, surprised). I often buy you presents”. – “But it isn’t my birthday!”

5. The art exhibition was very (interesting, interested). I loved it, but I had to leave after three hours. My feet were killing me! I find going round art galleries and museums very (tiring, tired).

6. Some people don’t go out at night because they’re (frightening, frightened) that someone will rob them.

7. Our financial situation is very (worrying, worried). We spend more and more, but we’re earning less and less.

8. “I’m going on a three-month holiday to the Far East”. – “How (exciting, excited)! Lucky you!”

9. “Was your father (annoying, annoyed) when you told him your exam results?” – “He was furious.”

Exercise 11. Complete the sentences. Use adjectives formed by adding -ing or -ed to the words in brackets.
  e.g. I don’t get _____ very easily. (embarrass) · I don’t get embarrassed very easily.
     

1. I find it quite ____ to talk in front of a group of people. (embarrass)

2. I think wet weather is ____. (depress)

3. I’m not very ____ in politics. (interest)

4. I find walking in the countryside very ___. (relax)

5. I think learning a language is very ____. (interest)

6. I get ____ when people smoke in restaurants. (annoy)

7. I don’t normally get ____ when I watch horror films. (frighten)

8. Are you ____ in art? (interest)

9. They were ____ when they heard the news. (shock)

10. I thought they story was quite ____. (amuse)

11. We were all very ____ when he didn’t come home. (worry)

12. It was ____ that she didn’t come to the meeting. (surprise)

Exercise 12. Translate into English.

1. Яблоки и капуста продаются в овощном магазине. 2. Сыр и молоко продаются в молочном магазине. 3. Сахар продается в бакалее. 4. Ты знаешь, где строятся эти корабли? – Да, в Глазго. 5. Вора не поймали. 6. Дом не был продан. 7. Остров был открыт в этом году. 8. Бумагу делают из древесины.


SOME MORE PRACTICE

Task 1. Why is Great Britain proud of “the Beatles”?

For many fans of pop music, the Beatles is a legendary group. Although they broke up many years ago, their influence is still enormous and their albums enjoy great popularity. The Beatles created the most influential rock era, they introduced more innovations into popular music than any other rock band of the 20th century. The Beatles made a breakthrough in rock and roll era.

Task 2. Read the text and answer the following questions:

1. Why are the Beatles one of the most famous and popular band in the world?

2. What is the Beatles' lineup?

3. When did a phenomenon known as "Beatlemania" start?

4. The first few albums that the Beatles released were full of catchy pop tunes, were not they?

5. When did the members of the Beatles decide to go their separate ways?

6. Where did they play their final concert?

7. What happened to the members of the Beatles after the band broke up?

THE BEATLES

The Beatles are, quite possibly, the all-time most famous and popular band in the world. Though the group's commercial recording career spanned a mere seven years, from 1963 to 1970, they remain the bestselling band of all time in history in the United States, and have sold more than a billion albums around the world.

The Beatles' lineup consisted of Paul McCartney, John Lennon, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr. An initial version of the band, including McCartney, Lennon, and Harrison, first started playing together in 1957 while the musicians were in high school, but the band's final lineup did not become complete until Starr joined the band in 1962.

Though the Beatles initially experienced success in England, they did not make it big in the United States until their 1964 appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show. After their appearance on the show, a phenomenon known as "Beatlemania" occurred — girls began to collect their albums and memorabilia with a vengeance, and many teenage boys imitated their distinctive pageboy haircuts.

The first few albums that the Beatles released were full of catchy pop tunes, but the musicians soon began to experiment with their sound. Their 1966 album, Revolver was an ambitious sonic experiment that incorporated blues and world music. The following album, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Heart's Club Band was even more innovative, and is frequently hailed as the best album of all time by critics around the world.

In 1969, the members of the Beatles decided to go their separate ways. They played a final concert in London on the rooftop of the Apple Records building, much of which was featured in their video documentary, Let it Be. The Beatles' last album, Abbey Road was released in 1969.

After the Beatles broke up, each of the band members followed separate creative paths. Paul McCartney formed a band called Wings with his wife, Linda; they recorded numerous hit songs, including "Live and Let Die," which was later covered by Guns 'n Roses. John Lennon achieved great success as a solo artist, with classic songs like "Imagine." Tragically, he was killed by an obsessive fan, Mark David Chapman, in 1980. George Harrison recorded many solo albums over the years, and died of cancer in 2001.

Task 3. What is the song about? What does John Lennon dream of?

“Imagine”

John Lennon

Imagine there's no heaven
It's easy if you try
No hell below us
Above us only sky

Imagine all the people
Living for today...
Imagine there's no countries

It isn't hard to do
Nothing to kill or die for
And no religion too
Imagine all the people
Living life in peace...

You may say I'm a dreamer
But I'm not the only one
I hope someday you'll join us
And the world will be as one

Imagine no possessions
I wonder if you can
No need for greed or hunger
A brotherhood of man
Imagine all the people
Sharing all the world...

You may say I'm a dreamer
But I'm not the only one
I hope someday you'll join us
And the world will live as one

Unit 7. Task 3. Text “The Great Train Robbery”.

Ronald Biggs returned to Britain on his private plane in May 2001 when he was 72.

Unit 11. Task 2. The surgeon was the mother of the boy.

Unit 14. Task 2. Peter saved the boss’s life. He was sacked for being asleep at work.


Appendix 1

Pronunciation

1.

1. Sounds in contrast     2. Stress
Vowels and diphthongs Consonants   Oo
[æ] can carry snack jam lamb traffic Trafalgar Palace family [ei] paper make station bacon cake gravy train jail eight [t] tin talk top tear ticket [tò] chin chalk chop cheer chicken   garbage palace famous Royal instant honey
           

2.

1. Sounds in contrast     2. Stress
Vowels and diphthongs Consonants   oO
[æ] batter banker tracks cap marry [Ù] butter bunker trucks cup hurry [t] tea toe tower locked baked [s] sea sow sour locks bakes   prepare repair appear report prevent polite
           

3.

1. Sounds in contrast     2. Stress
Vowels and diphthongs Consonants   Ooo
[o] pot box cock lock rock [u] put boots cook look rook [d] dust don dear bard head [dz] just John jeer barge hedge   Buckingham nowadays marmalade vegetables instrument handicapped celebrate frightening holiday personal politics
           

4.

1. Sounds in contrast     2. Stress
Vowels and diphthongs Consonants   oOo
[o] don cock cosset spot shot [o:] dawn cork corset sport short [d] dank dirty dread bard bird [q] thank thirty thread bath birth   accountant exacting unseeing direction fantastic
           

5.

1. Sounds in contrast   2. Stress
Vowels and diphthongs Consonants   ooO
[u:] pool juicy Sue shoot ghoul [':] pearl jursey sir shirt girl [t] learned helped talked walked looked [d] opened listened returned believed called [id] decided reported floated wanted calculated     submarine lemonade afternoon represent comprehend
             

6.

1. Sounds in contrast     2. Stress
Vowels and diphthongs Consonants   Oooo
[o:] Paul bought caught call saw talk warm [ou] tone Jones road so cold sold telephone [f] fifteen fine fought free first Fred [q] thing thought three thirst thread thank you   underwater secondary ultimately enterprises fortunately everybody
           

Appendix 2

Irregular Verbs

1. Verbs with no change  
Infinitive Translation Simple Past Past Participle
cost [kost] стоить cost [kost] cost [kost]
cut [kÙt] резать cut [kÙt] cut [kÙt]
hit [hit] ударить hit [hit] hit [hit]
hurt [h':t] причинить боль hurt [h':t] hurt [h':t]
put [put] класть put [put] put [put]
shut [òÙt] закрывать shut [òÙt] shut [òÙt]
2. Verbs with one change  
Infinitive Translation Simple Past Past Participle
bring [brih] принести brought [bro:t] brought [bro:t]
buy [bai] купить bought [bo:t] bought [bo:t]
catch [cætò] поймать caught [ko:t] caught [ko:t]
feel [fi:l] чувствовать felt [felt] felt [felt]
get [get] получить got [got] got [got]
have, has [hæv] иметь had [hæd] had [hæd]
hear [hi'] слышать heard [h':d] heard [h':d]
keep [ki:p] хранить kept [kept] kept [kept]
learn [l':n] учить learnt [l':nt] learnt [l':nt]
leave [li:v] оставить left [left] left [left]
lose [lu:z] терять lost [lost] lost [lost]
make [meik] делать made [meid] made [meid]
meet [mi:t] встретить met [met] met [met]
pay [pei] платить paid [peid] paid [peid]
read [ri:d] читать read [red] read [red]
say [sei] сказать said [sed] said [sed]
sell [sel] продавать sold [sould] sold [sould]
send [send] послать sent [sent] sent [sent]
sleep [sli:p] спать slept [slept] slept [slept]
spend [spend] тратить spent [spent] spent [spent]
stand [stænd] стоять stood [stud] stood [stud]
teach [ti:tò] учить taught [to:t] taught [to:t]
tell [tel] рассказать told [tould] told [tould]
think [qihk] думать thought [qo:t] thought [qo:t]
win [win] выиграть won [wÙn] won [wÙn]
3. Verbs with two changes  
Infinitive Translation Simple Past Past Participle
be(am, is, are) [bi] быть was/ were [woz, w':] been [bi:n]
begin [bi’gin] начать began [bi’gæn] begun [bi’gÙn]
break [breik] ломать broke [brouk] broken [broukn]
choose [tòu:z] выбрать chose [tòouz] chosen [tòouzn]
come [kÙm] прийти came [keim] come [kÙm]
do, does [du, dÙz] делать did [did] done [dÙn]
drink [drihk] пить drank [dræhk] drunk [drÙhk]
drive [draiv] ехать drove [drouv] driven [drivn]
eat [i:t] кушать ate [et] eaten [i:tn]
fall [fo:l] падать fell [fel] fallen [fo:ln]
fly [flai] летать flew [flu:] flown [floun]
give [giv] дать gave [geiv] given [givn]
go [gou] идти went [went] gone [gon]
know [nou] знать knew [nju:] known [noun]
lie [lai] лежать lay [lei] lain [lein]
run [rÙn] бежать ran [ræn] run [rÙn]
see [si:] видеть saw [so:] seen [si:n]
speak [spi:k] говорить spoke [spouk] spoken [spoukn]
steal [sti:l] украсть stole [stoul] stolen [stouln]
swim [swim] плыть swam [swæm] swum [swÙm]
take [teik] брать took [tuk] taken [teikn]
wake [weik] просы-паться woke [wouk] woken [woukn]
wear [we'] носить wore [wo:] worn [wo:n]
write [rait] писать wrote [rout] written [[ritn]

Список использованной литературы

1. Abbs B., Freebairn I. Blueprint. – London, 1989.

2. Abbs B., Freebairn I, Elsworth S. Discoveries. – Longman, 1996.

3. Allen W. Stannard. Living English Structure. – Longman, 1997.

4. Assmann W. Look! – Culemborg, 1985.

5. Beaumont D. and Granger C. The Heinemann English Grammar. – Heinemann, 1992.

6. Changing Times, Changing Tenses. – New York, 1991.

7. Harris M., Mower D., Sikorzynska A. Opportunities. – Pearson Education Limited, 2000.

8. Larson G. The Other Side off the Wall. Andrews McMeel Publishing, 1998.

9. Murphy R. English Grammar in Use. – Cambridge University Press, 1988.

10. Pye D., Kryszewska H. For Mat. – Macmillan Polska, 2002.

11. Radley P., Millerchip Ch. Mode – 3. – Longman, 1996.

12. Soars J. and L. Headway. – Oxford University Press, 1991.

13. Swan M. and Walter C. The New Cambridge English Course. – Oxford University Press, 1996.

14. Swan M. and Walter C. How English Works. A grammar practice book. – Oxford University Press, 1997.

15. Swan M. and Walter C. The Good Grammar Book. – Oxford University Press, 2001.

16. Бонди Е.А., Царев П.В. Учебное пособие по английскому языку для поступающих в вузы. М., Издательство Московского университета, 1976.

17. Маркли Р.У., Брокман Э.У.. Сборник упражнений к практичес-кой грамматике английского языка. М., 1981.

18. Христорождественская Л.П. Практический курс английского языка. Минск, Аурика, 1993.





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